Should You Install a Foam Roof?

Flat Roof Installation

Flat Roofing Comparison

Usually, a polyurethane foam roof costs about equal to a Built Up Roof (BUR) with underlying insulation. But, foam roofs are unique because they’re the only roof type that both insulates and protects against leaks with a single monolithic barrier.

Different Materials

There are a lot of flat roofing materials, but all are not equal in quality. An EPDM (rubber roof) or single ply roof, sealed either by tars or adhesives are not as high quality as a typical BUR roof. The reason is they usually last less than 10 years, while a higher quality BUR roof may last a lot more than 10 years. Usually, a BUR roof is built with a few semi-flexible membrane layers, and then water-proofed with water resistant modified bitumen.

Flat Roof Installers

Remember, coal tars are a known carcinogen (not as severe as asbestos – otherwise, this would be more widely known). Modified bitumen, however, comes from oils, refined at much lower temperatures than coal tar, and is a much safer substance. The fluctuating prices in the cost of a barrel of oil gets passed on to the roofing industry. As the costs of asphalt roofing materials continue to increase, and the cost of a high quality polyurethane foam roof remains more steady, that makes SPF or foam roofing more affordable for consumers.

Comparing Costs

Cost, of course, can vary due to a lot of factors, like geographic location, and size and type of the project. Prices might be estimated anywhere between $3-$12 per square foot, and this can be effected by several other factors – the quality of the materials used, the labor costs to install these materials, and any associated warranty, contractor insurance, or bonding costs which will get passed on to the customer.

Flat Roof Installation Contractors

Initial Cost Factors:

  • Roof Size: for example, large projects are often cheaper per square foot due to installation efficiencies gained with economies of scale.
  • Roof Penetrations and obstructions: if your roof has a lot of obstructions – skylights, pipes, and AC equipment for example, you can expect higher installation costs due to increased labor requirements.
  • Materials Used: EPDM and Single ply roofs are cheaper materials that won’t last as long. Higher quality roofing such as polyurethane foam may cost a little more, but it will insulate more efficiently and could last the life of the building. In contrast, a roof, such as Tar & Gravel, with insulation will expense about the same as an SPF roof.
  • Location: Is your property in a convenient local location, or will your contractor’s crews have to drive a significant distance to reach your property?
  • Condition of Existing Substrate & Roof: Can the current roof membrane be re-used, or does it need to be torn off? Is asbestos or other harmful substances under your roof membrane that have to be dealt with? Is there dry-rot or other failing materials. Do drains, vents, skylights or other roof penetrations need to be replaced or repaired?
  • Are you thinking of installing solar power or replace your vents & drains, etc? It’s a lot more cost effective to do all of this at once. What if if your solar power installers caused a leak in your roof, and neither contractor (roofing or solar) wanted to fix the issue because they each blamed the other. If you’re thinking of installing solar, now would be a good time to coordinate the two installations simultaneously.

Long Term Considerations

If you’re going to install a roof, it’s good to think about the long term cost impact. If you have decided to install a foam roof, the insulation factor can pay off big in the long run. Also, think about adding cool roof coatings; just by changing the color of a roof to something reflective can lower summer cooling bills by 30% or more. Medium Density Sprayed Polyurethane Foam Roofing conforms to a roofs corners and angles and usually has an R-Value around 6 to 8 per inch of thickness. In layman’s terms, one inch of foam is as effective as 6 to 8 inches of solid wood.

In reality, due to things like vapor trapping (foam forms a barrier), and the density of foam (it is light, but heavier than air–of course), foam can be 4 times more effective than fiberglass. If you have lived in an older, poorly insulated home, you know that heating and cooling bills can really get out of control with a poor insulation. This is just one final cost factor which should be considered when you’re comparing an insulated roof like SPF with other roofing materials, like EPDM, Single Ply, or BUR, with no insulation.

Summary

Foam roofing is a great choice here in Arizona for covering a flat roof due to its great insulating factors and its great looks. If you need help deciding whether a foam roof is right for you, please give us, Mikku and Sons Roofing LLC, a call at 623-465-1068. We’re a foam roofing installation contractor and can lay out all your options, helping you choose the one that fits your budget and your property.