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What to Expect During a Professional Roof Inspection

Date: September 20, 2023

Your home's roof stands as the primary shield against external elements, playing an indispensable role in safeguarding the integrity and comfort of your living space. Over time, even the sturdiest roofs can succumb to wear and tear, extreme weather events, or unforeseen damages. 

Are you wondering what to expect during a professional roof inspection? Recognizing the early signs of these issues and addressing them promptly can save homeowners significant money and stress.

Whether you're a new homeowner looking to sell or practicing diligent home maintenance, understanding what occurs during a professional roof inspection is invaluable. In this article, we'll guide you through the meticulous process, ensuring you know what to anticipate from when the inspector arrives to the final report's delivery.

1. Reasons for a Roof Inspection

Your roof's health directly correlates with your home's safety and protection. A roof serves multiple functions, from guarding against the elements to ensuring structural integrity. Thus, understanding why you might need an inspection is paramount.

Real Estate Transactions:

  • Purpose: Determines the roof's health, influencing buyer and seller decisions.
  • Implications: A good roof condition can enhance property value, while issues can lead to price negotiations or deter potential buyers.
  • Efficiency: Addressing roof issues upfront can expedite the selling process.

Post-storm Check:

  • Assessment: Storms can cause visible and hidden damage. Inspections spot these early on.
  • Insurance: Prompt inspections help in documenting damages for timely insurance claims.
  • Safety: Ensure the roof's structural integrity isn't compromised, protecting occupants.

Routine Maintenance:

  • Proactivity: Regular check-ups identify and address minor issues, preventing larger problems.
  • Longevity: Consistent care can prolong the roof's lifespan.
  • Economics: Early interventions save on more extensive, costlier repairs later.

Warranty Confirmation:

  • Validity: Adhering to stipulated inspections keeps the roof warranty active.
  • Quality Check: Ensures roofing materials and installation quality are up to par.
  • Security: Maintaining warranty terms offers homeowners peace of mind against unforeseen expenses.

The reasons for a roof inspection are diverse but rooted in a common theme: protection. Whether it's protecting an investment, ensuring safety, or adhering to warranty terms, timely and regular roof assessments are indispensable.

2. The Inspector's Arrival

When a professional inspector arrives, they come prepared. Equipped with ladders, cameras, and frequently advanced tools tailored for precise assessment, they're geared up to get a comprehensive view of your roof's health. 

The process typically starts with a dialogue where the inspector inquires about existing problems, the age of your roof, and any previous repair work. This initial conversation sets the foundation for a focused and efficient inspection.

3. Exterior Inspection

The exterior inspection is a pivotal phase in the roof assessment process. Here, the inspector visually examines and sometimes physically tests different components of the roof to determine their condition. 

Here's a breakdown of what this phase typically entails:

  • Shingle Condition: Broken, missing, or curling shingles are signs of wear.
  • Flashing and Seals: These are critical for preventing water penetration. The inspector will check for gaps, rust, or other damage.
  • Gutters and Downspouts: These should be free from debris and correctly attached.
  • Roofing Nails: Popped-up nails can be entry points for water.
  • Chimneys and Vents: Their seals and structural integrity will be assessed.
  • Moss or Algae Growth: This can indicate trapped moisture.
  • Roof Valley Health: Valleys are susceptible to leaks if not well-maintained.

Exterior inspection comprehensively assesses the roof's visible components. It identifies areas of damage, wear, or potential failure, providing homeowners with a clear picture of current issues and those that might arise in the near future.

4. Interior Inspection

While the exterior assessment focuses on the outside health of the roof, the interior inspection delves into the underlying areas that might be affected by roofing issues. Here's a summary of the primary components of this phase:

  • Ventilation: Proper ventilation prevents moisture buildup, which can lead to mold or structural damage.
  • Insulation: Adequate insulation ensures energy efficiency.
  • Moisture and Mold: Signs of water staining, mold growth, or rot indicate potential leaks.
  • Light Entry: If daylight is visible through the roof boards, gaps or holes may exist.

In summary, the interior inspection delves into the hidden impacts of roofing issues, addressing everything from moisture problems to structural concerns. It complements the exterior assessment, offering homeowners a 360-degree view of their roof's health.

5. Specialized Tools and Techniques

When conducting roof inspections, professionals often use a combination of specialized tools and techniques to get a detailed and accurate assessment. Here's an overview:

  • Infrared Roof Inspections: These can identify water trapped in the roofing system, which may not be visible to the naked eye.
  • Drones: In hard-to-reach places or on particularly steep roofs, drones can capture high-resolution images for assessment.

Understanding and utilizing these specialized tools and techniques allows roofing professionals to deliver precise and comprehensive inspections. It not only aids in detecting current issues but also in predicting potential future challenges, ensuring the longevity and health of the roof.

6. Report Generation

After a thorough inspection of the roof's exterior and interior and using specialized tools and techniques, the next critical step is generating a comprehensive report. Here's what to expect in this phase:

  • Current Roofing Issues: This can range from minor issues to significant damage.
  • Potential Problem Areas: Areas that might not be problematic now but could be in the future.
  • Recommendations: Solutions for identified problems can be immediate repairs or preventive measures.
  • Photographic Evidence: Images taken during the inspection to support the findings.

A well-constructed roof inspection report identifies current and potential problems and equips homeowners with the knowledge to make informed decisions about repairs, replacements, and maintenance. This document is a roadmap to ensuring the roof's health and durability.

7. Next Steps

Once you have the inspection report in hand, it's imperative to decide on the subsequent actions to ensure the continued safety, functionality, and longevity of your roof. Here's a guide to navigating the next steps:

infographic illustration on the 10 steps after insper report
  • Review the Report: Understand key findings, especially urgent concerns.
  • Prioritize Repairs: Address severe issues first, like leaks causing interior damage.
  • Consult the Inspector: Clarify any unclear points or recommendations.
  • Get Multiple Quotes: Obtain several quotes for suggested repairs to ensure competitive pricing.
  • Schedule Repairs: Address issues promptly to prevent further damage.
  • Review Warranty: Check if problems are covered and ensure repairs won't void it.
  • Budget for the Future: Start setting funds aside if a roof replacement is imminent.
  • Follow Maintenance Tips: Implement recommended maintenance practices.
  • Schedule Regular Inspections: Aim for annual or biennial checks.
  • Stay Informed: Keep abreast of new roofing technologies and practices.

Remember, a roof inspection aims to safeguard one of your home's most vital components. Acting on the findings promptly and judiciously can save you time, money, and potential distress in the long run. The next steps you take are pivotal in preserving your home's structural integrity and safety.

8. Cost of Inspection

Roof inspection costs can vary significantly based on several factors. While some companies offer free inspections, hoping to secure repair jobs, there's a need for caution as they may exaggerate issues to warrant more extensive repairs

On the other hand, reputable inspectors might charge, especially in urban areas or for complex roofs. The inspector's expertise, the depth of the inspection, its purpose (e.g., for real estate transactions), the report's detail, and bundled services can all influence the cost. 

Always ensure clarity on the price and scope of the inspection up front. This transparency helps avoid hidden costs and thoroughly assesses your roof's condition.


Your roof's longevity and durability hinge on timely detection and rectification of issues. A professional roof inspection provides critical insight, offering a roadmap for preventive measures and necessary repairs. 

By understanding the process, from the initial inspector's arrival to the final report, homeowners are better equipped to make informed decisions. Whether it's routine maintenance or preparing for a property sale, always prioritize the health of your roof—it's a cornerstone of your home's overall well-being.

About Mikku & Sons
Mikku and Sons red repair track with its logo painted on its side- roofing company track wraps
Our roofing company was founded in 2001 by Michael Riutta, who is still part of the ownership and management team. Between Michael, his two sons and co-owners, Devin and Joshua, and our crew members, we have many years of experience to handle any type of roof repair or roof installation solutions you may need.